Emerging Trends & Technologies in Higher Education Webinar

Emerging Trends & Technologies in Higher Education Webinar

September 15, 2019 0 By Ronny Jaskolski


Welcome to this very special Tech Week
2019 webinar. Emerging trends and technologies in higher education with
guest presenters Dr. Vickie cook and Ray Schroeder. This webinar is brought
to you by Human Resources, Instructional Technology, The Library and The Academy
for Teaching Excellence at Harper College. My name is Melissa Baysingar and
I am an instructional design specialist in the academy for teaching excellence.
It is my distinct pleasure to introduce our presenters today Dr. Vickie cook and
Ray Schroeder. Dr. Vickie cook is the Executive Director of the Center for
Online Learning Research and Service or COLRS. An Associate Research Professor
in the College of Education at the University of Illinois Springfield. Vicki
has been actively engaged providing consulting and faculty development with
educational leaders across the U.S. and in Mexico. She worked as part of a team
that authored the University Professional and Continuing Education
Association UPCEA. Hallmarks of Excellence in Online
Leadership. She teaches online in the Masters of Arts and Education Graduate
degree program at UIS. Vicki has served on several regional and national
committees as well as having been a longtime member of the Illinois Council
on Continuing Higher Education serving in multiple roles on the executive board.
Vicki serves on the board for UPCEA has served as a mentor for the
Association for Continuing and Higher Education is a member of the Online
Learning Consortium and has served on program steering committees for the
UPCEA annual conference and OLC annual conference. Ray Schroeder is Professor
Emeritus, Associate Vice Chancellor for Online Learning at UIS and senior Fellow.
Founding Director of the National Council for Online Learning at UPCEA. His
career and publications focus on the application of technology to enhance
teaching and learning. Ray founded the UIS office of technology enhanced
learning in 1997 which later became COLRS, combining support for the
essential online faculty responsibilities into one unit. Ray has
been recognized with many awards for his work, including the 2018 Albert Nelson Marquis Who’s Who Worldwide Lifetime Achievement
Award recognizing more than 20 years of leadership in the field and the 2016
United States Distance Teaching and Learning Association Hall of Fame Award
for significant contributions to the field of distance learning through
leadership, technology, research and teaching. On behalf of Harper College, I want to extend a very warm welcome to both Vicky and Ray. Before, I turn it over to Vicky, I’ll
just take a moment to look at the agenda for our webinar today. Vicky will start
by discussing how students today are changing and with the means for higher
education. Will hold a Q&A session with Vicky during which you can type your
questions for her into the chat area. We’ll then turn it over to Ray who will
discuss up-and-coming technological changes impacting higher education. We
will conclude with a Q&A session with Ray. So, at this time we’ll give a moment
for Vicki to share her presentation materials and I will post a link to
those presentation materials in the chat, and posting that right now, and I will
turn it over to Vicki. Good morning! It’s good to be with you all. We’re going to
be talking about Generation Z students. And, then we’ll find out a little bit
about why students are a little different than what we’ve seen in the
past. Before, we start I want to mention that we always use a web tool using
Google Sites to provide our presentation content. That way you all can use that
information however you’d like to. In the future you can go back to it, You can
refer to it, You can share it on. And, so you have the link to the site and you’ll
be able to utilize that if you want to check anything out as you go forward.
Let’s start by looking at, I have lived long enough to see the same
eyes and different people. I see your eyes. I know your eyes. Star wars the force awakens. Every
generation has a story to tell. Do we have some Star Wars fans in the audience
today? I want to make sure that you understand that when we think about our
students whether they’re online or whether they’re face-to-face we need to
think about the eyes of our students. Our students aren’t the computer screen that
we’re looking at. I’m not standing talking right now to a screen. I’m
talking to the people on the other side of the screen. So, we want to make sure
that we remember our students eyes. What happens to those students in their
individual lives is what they bring into the classroom. And, that’s regardless of
whether they’re face to face or online. So, as we think about our students in
context. Let’s think about that our students want to be learn. Want to learn.
They don’t want to be taught. Generation Z students are those students who were
born between 1995 and 2012. They are right now around twenty four years of
age. And, they are students who are very cognizant of digital, of the digital
world and what is happening in the world. They know exactly how to connect using
digital devices. They know what is going on both physically and digitally. So, they
look at learning very differently than previous generations did. Typically,
they’re going to hold 17 jobs. They’re going to have five careers, and they’re
learning at a time when automated intelligence and augmented reality and
many other forces are playing on the classroom as well as life in general.
And, Ray will go into many of those things when he talks about emerging
trends and emerging ideas in the digital world. But, these students have been
called Phigital. And, I’ve included a link here that you might find
interesting. Regarding a Phigital student. One that
both present in the physical world and present in the digital world. In this
particular author’s view, there are a few things that we can think about regarding
how we interact with this generation of students. Number one, digital is king.
Everything really needs to be connected to the digital world. And, many of you
know that this, this particular generation is often cited as not being
terribly attentive to what is going on in the physical world. The truth of the
matter is, is that with Generation Z you have 8 to 10 seconds to actually catch
the student. At the end of that 8 to 10 seconds they will go on to something
else. If their attention has not been caught. So, it isn’t that they don’t have
an attention span. It’s that you have a very short time frame to actually catch
their interest to draw them in to a particular topic or learning activity.
Additionally, this since this particular generation is very insistent on having
an individualized approach to life. They have been given a lot of
individualization in their K12 experience. They learned how to really
look what they were doing as part of a group, but also how that affected them as
individuals. So, individualization is critical when we think about planning
for activities and assessments in our classes. There are a number of ways that
we can do that. Adaptive learning is one way that we can make learning much more
individualized. But, you don’t have to go the entire adaptive learning route. You
want to make particular assessments and assignments more customizable by
allowing students to choose. What are some ways that they can show
that they have mastered particular learning outcomes? Finally, real world
relevance is so critically important to this generation. This is a generation
that has had some significant experiences that have played upon their
developed. Many of them were in kindergarten when that 9/11 happened and
the Twin Towers came down and over and over and over they saw the Twin Towers
falling on TV. That’s what they heard in the news when they were five and six
years old. Then in 2008, we had a major recession and that caused families to
lose homes, parents to lose jobs, the economy was no longer stable. And, this
generation has dealt with those types of instanced ability in I can’t speak this
morning unstable approaches in their lives and it has made them very
cognizant of the fact that there are definitely winners and losers in life.
There are things that are not going to go well and they can’t depend on the
economy to always be the way that it is today.
They also are dealing with more student debt than has ever been dealt with in
the past. And, so they have some very difficult choices to make when they
think about being connected to an institution for four years in order to
receive a degree. So, how can your institution help them understand what
they need to be able to get a good job. What do they need to be able to make
enough money to pay back their student loans. To take care of their families. How
can they be more entrepreneurial. This particular generation also is looking
for ways that they can both complete a Bachelor’s degree program, be well
employed and perhaps have a second job or a third job
to assist with making money to be able to pay off student loans. That has been
termed in many ways the slash degree and the slash degrees used to be called
moonlighting. But, today students are looking for
degree opportunities that will allow them to be a Teacher/ Photographer.
An Accountant / Waiter. They want to be able to have very good experiences
across the board that will help them build skills in multiple ways and they
are very very entrepreneurial in being able to do that. Most of these students
entered college between 2013 and 2014. So, when you think about students who are
currently in your classrooms even though we often have multi-generational
classrooms, our youngest students are part of this Generation Z. Generation Z
students are more alike Baby Boomers than either of the previous two
generations that exists between the Gen Z students and the Baby Boomer
students. So, it is really important to think about how you can use that
connecting point for baby boomers and Gen Z students as you think about how
you build activities and sharing opportunities within your classroom.
Whatever you look at it is important to be engaged and increase student
engagement to launch students into successful careers. More than any other
time in history that is very important to this generation. Take a look at this
video and make sure that you read the captions that go with it. So, the CEO of project tomorrow has a
great quote. She said “Students today have grown up with technology. They’re looking
for experiences that use technology purposefully and not frivolously. And,
this this generation is all about purposefulness. They are not about
frivolity in any in any part of their lives”. If you saw on the YouTube video
that I just shared with you one of the things they want to be is relevant. They
really want to be relevant to the society. They want to be relevant in
every aspect of their life. They want to make a difference. So, this
particular group of students is really more connected and more able to
understand how their actions play upon not only their local situation but also
the global promise of the world. And, what that means is that these are students
who are really interested in projects and opportunities to learn and grow
outside of the classroom. Experiential learning is extremely important to this
students. So, let’s talk a little bit about how college is different today
than it was in the past. For first more students are going to college than ever
before. Between 2000 and 2017, we saw an increase of 5.1 million students. College
is more competitive than ever. Acceptance rates at competitive colleges have
actually decreased. College is more expensive. We’ve talked a little bit
about that already. Every time that you read anything in higher ed you see more
information about the debt load that students carry. College tuition has more
than doubled since 1985. And, the stat isn’t listed. But, the assistance with
scholarships and with federal grants has decreased. And, so that makes it even more difficult for students who are trying to pay for their tuition. Textbooks cost
much more. Textbook costs are up 812 percent since 1985.
There are two particular content areas where students drop out significantly
simply because of textbook costs. And, the first one is Computer Science. And, the
second one is Business. And, those two disciplines have the most that the
textbooks that have actually increased the most in the past 10 years. More
technology is used in teaching and learning. I’m sure that all of you today
would say that you are using more technology now than you’ve used in the
past five to ten years. We are using technology. We also have more technology
tools to use. And, again Ray will touch on some of those when he talks but there
are there’s a plethora of technology tools that people can use and many of
those are free. Online Learning is a huge factors. 69 percent of Millennial’s think
they learn better with technology than from people. Of this particular survey
that was done fifty percent of the respondents were older than 45 when they
said that. Students are more diverse than ever. In 1970, we had 15% diversity. In
2018, 42% of diversity among students. In 1970, less than half of the students in
college were female and in 2018 more than half are female. Fewer students
today identified with organized religion. In 2005, more than 25 percent identified
with organized religion. In 2014, less than 16 percent of students identified
with a specific organized religion organization. And, students experience
stress levels at higher levels today than ever before.
Seventy to eighty percent of students have a job while attending school with
adds to the stress. And, forty percent of them work more than 30 hours a week.
Again, going back to trying to provide for
the cost of the education. So, I want to finish my component of of this
particular section of your webinar today by showing a video to give you some idea
of of what an eight-year-old who was born in 2005 he’s little older than that
now obviously he’s 14 what but he was 8 when he, when he recorded this video and
he provides a lot of insight into what Gen Z is. I was born in 2005. The Year North Korea announced they have nuclear weapon. In the last few weeks a large amount of Ugly, ………..information The same year where Michael Jackson was found not guilty of child molestation charges. One year after I was born, the opposition party in Singapore won 2 seats in the parliament. Then one year later, Apple unveiled iPhone. I belong to Gen Z, a generation born with complete technology. We have PCs, smart phones, gaming devices , tablets , MP3 players and the Internet. We naturally multi-task. We text,read, watch and walk at the same time. A skill that stuns the adults. We like to express our feelings and thoughts and share them with the world. In our lifetime, we will not send a single letter by mail. But, we will spend at least 20% of time on social media. Having too many gadgets also has a bad impact. We rather stay indoors and use gadgets. than play outdoors and be active. We have terrible social skills. We are 10 times more likely to smile to our handphone than a person. Our attention span is as short as a goldfish. You have 10 seconds before you lose us. If I go to university, I will be looking at a heavy study loan. When I graduate I will be competing in a tight job market. Again, 7 millions foreign talent A plumber is most likely to get a job. I would choose to live with my parents until 45. Even if i have to share the same bed with my brother. Housing is going to be too expensive. I would meet my future wife in a dating website. With plastic surgery and make up, all girls would look like some korean actress. We are told we are special. And we believe it. I want to be a MP when I grow up. I would work from home at my dining table next to my kitchen. I would deliver my speech with a green screen behind me. I would wear a shirt, a tie, and a pair of shorts. I dont need to control the media. All I need is a facebook and youtube account. Yes , we can. just like Obama. So, I hope you found the insight into Generation Z by a person who is
part of generation Z interesting. One of the things that he noted in there was
the lack of social skills and this is a topic that comes up regularly. These
students have not been, not have not grown up in an era where they are taught
to look at someone as they speak with them. They’re looking at the phone and
speaking with people on the phone. They haven’t been taught to be able to shake
hands and greet people in a particular way. Those are all things that are needed
in the workforce and so those need to become part of activities and ability
that you have in your classroom to add those components so that you can engage
more effectively in social communication in face-to-face environments. If you are
teaching online having them do interviews where you spell out have you
have you walked up to the person introduced yourself and shake in their
hand. Those are the types of things that are important to put into our curricula
as we are teaching other subjects. I’ve included a number of different
additional readings in case any of you are working on advising and student
success. There are a number of links to articles and resources that you can use
here. Additionally, I’ve included some books that I would encourage you to read.
Certainly robot proof of Higher Education by Joseph Allen who is the
president of Northeastern University is one that I would encourage all faculty
and staff to read in higher education. I think
that this is the the current environment with what digit with what technology is
doing to our world and how it will continue to change our world is vitally
important. Ray is going to share with you a number of those changes and how those
things will impact not only Generation Z but the next generation as well. So, with
that I will open to any questions. Thank you so much Vickey and any of our
attendees if you have questions we’ll take a couple for Vicki on generation Z
students before we move on to raise part of the presentation. I did have one
question Vicki while waiting for our attendees to type in. You had talked
about great characteristics of Gen Z students and maybe some of their
learning preferences. I know that you’re teaching faculty at UIS. In the graduate
program have you noticed Gen Z students in your graduate program and could you
give maybe like one or two examples of specific ways you’ve changed either your
teaching style or your assignments to better respond to your gen Z students?
I’m sure so some of the things that I found helpful when working with students
is to allow them creativity in using different digital devices. So, rather than
having something that’s device specific let them have the creativity to use a
device to show how they have mastered a particular outcome. For instance, perhaps
I want them to write a paper about a particular theory in English as a second
language learning. But, instead of saying a paper I will ask them to produce a
product that will show that they have mastered that content area. So, some of
them may choose a paper, others may choose to build a website, others may
choose to create a video, and so allowing them the opportunity to utilize digital
tools to show me that they have mastered that content has been one very
well-received way of working with students to allow them to be very
creative. And, this generation particularly loves the creativity that
is provided through tools that are available on their phones but certainly
through other means as well. Awesome. Thank you. And, I noticed our simulcast
added on that the multiple means of representation which is coming from the
Universal Design for Learning principles and engagement. Do you see those I would
think having a big impact on how we approach then Gen Z as as educated.
Absolutely, and Universal Design is certainly something that all generations
will will actually find positive as we use universal design principles in our
courses that will help all of our students to be able to learn more
effectively and utilize the learning techniques that really work for them. You
know we talked a little bit. I just briefly mentioned the idea of
customization. And, having different pathways to learning also helps our
students. Some students may learn by reading, others may learn by hearing,
others may learn by doing. And, so if we need to approach the way that we provide
content so that we have content that’s available that can be read maybe through
an accessibility reader or perhaps we have podcasts that are posted. If we do
provide podcasts we also need to provide the script so that if necessary we can
go back and read that. If we have opportunities for students to use
various modalities to input in take the content area that will help them in
really customizing their educational experience and being able to learn more
deeply. Thank you very much. My one question from Maria as a millennial, I
remember using technology and teachers using traditional classroom tools, would
my generation be considered phigital? Ah, you are right on the cusp Maria. So, it
would depend on whether you’re an older millennial or a younger millennial there
are actually three different segments of the Millennial Generation.
There’s the oldest generation that is most like Gen X. There’s a very middle
point of Millennial’s who both were adapting to the idea of technology and
and really had technology played a whole lot of importance in the way that they
were being taught in k-12 education. And, then the youngest millennial group is
really most like the Gen Z group in the fact that they used a lot of Technology
in both k-12 and certainly when they got to college. So, it’s very very possible
that you were also in the digital generation. Thank You Vicki and we have a
question from our simulcast group. They asked are there still students in Gen Z
that prefer traditional methods. Of course, there are always always in any
generation that you talk about you have some of the veteran generation who loves
technology. You have people at all ages. So, when we talk about different
generations we are talking about a generalization of characteristics. And, so
no one group of characteristics is going to describe everyone within a generation.
And, some Gen Z students do indeed love a traditional approach. And, hopefully many
of them have learned to love reading and will continue to read whether on a
device or in a book. But, the whole idea that that a generation has certain
characteristics is is very broad and we should never lose track of the fact that
our students are individuals and we should approach as much as possible with
a variety of teaching techniques and not to a simple subscription to only one
thing. Thank you Vickie. And, we’ll take one more question for you and then move on to Ray.
So, great! Stephanie heard one of our English faculty
she says I’m English Professor teaching mostly composition
courses. I’m interested in learning and implementing multiple means of
engagement in the classroom. What might be some options for a composition
classroom since it would seem difficult to allow students to present via video
or non written methods in a writing course. Sure, that’s that’s a really good
question one of the things that can be done is to provide video feedback to the
student on their composition. So, sometimes what you’re doing is you are
adding in content that is presented through different modalities or you are
providing direct feedback from students in different modalities. So, if your
students are preparing and writing their content and you provide a video of
yourself or a podcast of yourself providing feedback that’s another way to
mix it up a little bit. Additionally, it’s really important to realize that
especially in a comp class, you can use a lot of different types of writing tools
and technology that allows students to do things that can be very creative such
as using I author which would allow them to bring in a number of different images and
techniques to to enhance the text that they’re learning to write. In the fall and
I’m sure our simulcast group kind of piggyback on that and give some other
options even having the students write scripts for videos or do storyboarding
or other ways to write but still give those different options. One good idea. Thank you much. So, at this time I will turn the presentation over to Ray. Thank you very
much Vicki. And, Ray
Welcome. Hi! Thank you and it’s great to be here. And, I certainly want to say
thanks to my colleague Vicki Cooke as well as Keri eleven our assistant
director of COLRS who are both here. And, as we do this webinar I would like to
add just one reinforcement to what Vickie said about her presentation style. For the last
dozen years when we present, we tend to use well
previously bloggers but then websites and we believe that this platform is far
better than PowerPoint lists. With an emphasis on pointless because PowerPoint is static and it it can’t easily be updated. Its it forces you as an audience
to follow us. But, right now you can be scrolling down, clicking on links and
playing videos and you know you can follow your interest and that’s really
our goal in these presentations. And, I think that that fits us very well. I’m
talking about technologies. But, I will say I’m not going to talk about specific
apps. Because apps come and go. Specific technologies come and go. But, I want to
talk kind of emphasize a couple of trends. One in the area of artificial
intelligence. The other in as we take a look at the next step in computing and
moving to quantum computing and how that’s going to impact us. So, let me
begin with this very brief introduction of Education 4.0 and looking at the
future. The speed of the coming together of technologies globalization and people
thinking in different ways in terms of expectations and aspirations means that
we have to learn new things and learning in different ways. You know it took us
thousands of years to move from caveman to create the car. And, then it took us
tens of years to move from car to aeroplane. And, then it took us a few
years to move from aeroplanes – to computers. And, you see this shortening of
time all the time. And, therefore, the shortening of education is responding to
that shortening of the way in which the world is changing. So, it’s the speed of
technology and it’s the speed of adoption of new technology
which is making it happen. We used to go to school and then we went to university
or business school and then we think we don’t need to learn anymore for the rest
of our lives. But, we’re all going to live to a hundred or more. And, so we’re going
to go through many many phases of change in our own lives and our own careers. So,
we’re gonna have to keep learning and keep moving forwards. But, learning in
this new way it’s incredibly exciting. What we need to do is to start making
sense of the changing world and making sense of the new opportunities for us. We
shouldn’t be intimidated by the world. We shouldn’t feel as though we have to
learn everything. But, what we should have is our own vision. What do we want to
achieve? How could we make the world better?
And, how do we want to live our lives? And, then find the knowledge and find the
skills when we need them in order to help us to do that. Well, most prescient as described there
the the idea of living a hundred years, and there’s a wonderful book out that
has driven a lot of discussion in our field a hundred year life which has led
to the 60 year learner, and the concept that in fact because in part of
technology first, medical technology which is allowing the life expectancy
for everyone born after the year 2000 in this country to expect a hundred year
life. But, also broadly in employment and in business, and industry that the advent,
and the continuing development of technology will require students to come
back to us at our colleges in order to obtain certifications and update their
learning for new jobs such as was described by Vicky.
We also are moving from a push approach to appalled reality. And, I often talk
about this as if we were in one of my favorite fields doughnut wending.
So, for Krispy Kreme Doughnuts we’ve been pushing out Donuts and and selling
them to the public. Take it or leave it, and come to our
College or not. But, a couple of things have happened. Because of the rapidity of
change in the fields, we’re selling now day old and gas week old Donuts that is
we may be actually delivering degrees our associates may be in fact out of
date before those students hit the field. But, also students are coming and
choosing. They have a broad selection. It’s not like it was 25 years ago
when you would go to the nearest campus. Now, you can simply go online and get a
plethora of options including 5000 books out their entire degrees delivered by
Coursera and edex and Udacity and others. So, so, the whole field is is really
changing. As described here 15 or more employers now of these top employers and
includes IBM. You can click on that. I guess, I will for for just a second. But,
you might look at Google or you might look at IBM or Ernst and Young and you
know what they say no degree, no problem. You know we’ll hire you. You don’t need a
degree to work for us and so that’s that’s a real challenge. So, let’s see
here do I get, is that working? Yes. I’m back good, okay. Yeah, so I mentioned some of
the fields that we should be working for and with our blockchain and high demand
fields. And, certainly incorporating technologies as we move forward the ones
that are going to be in demand. Harvard Business Review and by the way I put the
dates on many of these trying to keep current. Most of these are in the
last two months. Does Higher Ed still prepare people for
jobs? And, there’s a real question about that certainly employers are wondering
whether we’re really doing our job as they hope we will. Chris DD at Harvard
also has described the 60-year curriculum. The idea that a student will
enter Harper for example perhaps when they’re 18 or 17 dual credit maybe 16.
But, they’ll continue with our until they’re 77 because their life expectancy
is a hundred years. So, we’re going to need to to serve learners much longer
than we have in the past and that’s driven by technology. Well, some
upskilling and and others and you can drill down into those. I’m gonna play a
portion of this next video. I think it’s important for us to understand the
essence of artificial intelligence. I think many of us look at that is a kind
of a cloud or a blob AI does this. So, I just ask AI and they’ll do this and we
don’t have a sense of how it all connects. And, so this is artificial
intelligence for people in a hurry. However, you know and it’s quite
condensed and I found, I needed to look at it a couple or three times. But, let me
just give you this brief first half of this of this five-minute video.
Artificial intelligence for people in a hurry. The easiest way to think about
artificial intelligence is in the context of a human. After all humans are
the most intelligent creatures we know off. AI is a broad branch of computer
science. The goal of AI is to create systems that can function intelligently
and independently. Humans can speak and listen to communicate through language.
This is the field of speech recognition. Much of speech recognition is
statistically based. Hence, it’s called statistical learning.
Humans can write and read text in a language. This is the field of NLP or
natural language processing. Humans can see with their eyes and process what
they see. This is the field of computer vision. Computer vision falls under the
symbolic way for computers to process information. Recently, there has been
another way which I’ll come to later. Humans recognize the scene around them
through their eyes which create images of that world. This field of image
processing which even though is not directly related to AI is required for
computer vision. Humans can understand their environment and move around
fluidly. This is the field of Robotics. Humans have the ability to see patterns
such as grouping of like objects. This is a field of pattern recognition. Machines
are even better at pattern recognition because they can use more data and
dimensions of data. This is a field of machine learning. I encourage you to go
through this so you get a sense of deep learning and machine learning which are
the key components. More likely those are what are driving, what you’re looking at
in and calling artificial intelligence. And, here’s an article on machine and
deep learning. Delivering opportunities at scale with the help of AI. One of the
things that’s really going on is kind of this exciting experiment started four
years ago at Georgia Tech. Professor Ashok Goel in this video also describes it. He
is Professor of Computer Science. Many of you know at Georgia through Udacity with
their help, and the help of AT&T developed a an ant scale master’s
program in Computer Science, and he even had to teach his class on artificial
intelligence to a group of 400 students. Well, he was given 60 ‘A’s
and he added one 70 ‘A’s to teach these 400 students. One of his was not so good Jill
as he describes, was kind of bumbling and not not really up to the task but by the
end of the semester was so good that she was nominated for TA of the year. But, of
course you’ll note the name over here is Jill Watson. And, she was a Watson
computer program that answered questions from the students handled the discussion
board along with the six other TA’s not a single student raised in this artificial
intelligence class aspect that she might in fact not be human. Very
successful and I’ve had the opportunity to meet with Ashok three times now and
and he’s developing his program so that it can run on the other platforms and
could be as little as $15,000. So, for example Harper could purchase this
program for assistant students in discussion boards at that price point
that that could be very exciting. Then that raises a question could AI replace
our teachers. well, not likely or not soon. Maybe in some classes that that is
possible. But, what we’re seeing much more of is that they can in fact provide us
the the ability to personalize learning which is if you will the holy grail in
education be able to teach one-on-one. Instead of aiming at the average in a
class or the top of the class at the bottom of the class to be able to adapt
our materials and oh I’ll leave this video it’s a very good one. I encourage
you to take a look at that as well. And, the promise of personalized learning. I
had just recently written an article in Inside Higher Ed this year on that very
topic. There are some that suggest rather than A, we should have IA as described
here. And, IA is Intelligence Amplification.
Artificial Intelligence right now we see out of IA the doctor’s office where the
doctor is typing on a computer or maybe leaves the exam room and looks up things
online and gets information and then we transmits it or applies it to you in the
form of prescriptions and treatments. There is some concern that has been
expressed by Stephen Hawking. The late Stephen Hawking among others including
Bill Gates, Elon Musk, Steve Wozniak were concerned that AI is so powerful it
could get out of out of control if we don’t carefully monitor what’s going on
in AI and and that we continue to administer AI. Well, I think what’s most
important in the near future and we’re going to see it rolling out this year is
quantum quantum computing. And, the the significant advent of quantum computing
is that it uses qubits. So, we’re all familiar with bits. Bits which provide us
A1 or A0. Well, qubits which are if you will the bits used by quantum computers
give the one in the 0 but also 1 and 0. And, also a kind of a phasing or
probability of the use of 1 and 0. And, so this allows so much more processing
power, storage power for quantum computing it will ramp up what we’re
doing by gosh ten thousandfold. Truly, it’s it’s just a massive change
that we’re going to begin seen. There are two hints in this video. I’ll show you
just the first. AI in 2019, hot dog not hot dog at the same time. What’s that hot
dog not hot dog at the same time? But, what he’s talking about is quantum, right.
Hot dog ,not a hot dog and the third factor is the world
it’s Suraj. In 2019, is gonna be an incredible year for the AI community. I’m
gonna briefly recap some of the major highlights in the field from 2018 then
use some of those highlights to make ten predictions on what’s gonna happen in
2019. The subset of AI deep learning has accounted for the majority of the public
discourse on AI in 2018. We’ve seen some incredible new applications of it so far
but let me start by stating something that might shock you. Even though, I’m
ethnically Indian, my mom was born in Kenya which technically makes me an
African American. Besides, okay I’m stopping with that
piece that note he is Indian, he’s also concurrently African American
that can be stored on one qubit and it’s phenomenal the speed of these computers.
I would suggest that you carefully look at these questions. And, after just
pointing out a couple of these I’m gonna stop. What are you doing to assure that
you’re teaching and also how you’re teaching is going to be relevant to
graduates in this context in five years? Is our pedagogy advancing and adapting
to the kind of learning that we’re going to see among those 60 year learners? Are
we sure the career path that we’re preparing is going to be there in five
years? Are we preparing our colleagues to keep up with a rate of change and the
like. So, these I think are important questions. We, we just don’t have the time
for them. Here’s our contact information and I’m going to stop now. Thank you so
much Ray. There’s some amazing things to think about. At this point, I’ll open it
up to our attendees if you have any questions for Ray before we close out.
While I’m waiting for any attendees to type you mentioned briefly at the
beginning the Block Chain of Education. I know I’ve heard you speak about that and
other times could you just say in I don’t know how brief it can be to talk
about Block Chain. But, how that impacting education today? Sure, sure in
30 seconds or less a block chain is a secure ledger. It’s not totally, unlike
the Internet but it is totally secure. It is what drives Bitcoin. It is the vehicle
for us to share transcripts. To share information with others that is secured
in a network so that you can build upon that ledger for an individual and what
it will do is it will allow your students and our students to take Books
from Harvard from the University of Pennsylvania from you name it from major
universities and in essence add them to their transcript to their virtual
transcript. Saying, Thank You. um We have one final question I’ll take on the
simulcast group. On what might be some methods for adapting teaching materials
to become a more personalized learning experience? Yeah, I think we’re going to
see is using AI in order to address these needs of students. So, you know
certainly there is adaptive learning available now. Smart Sparrow is when we
looked into. Newton is another. That’s largely I think still provided through a
big publisher. Which publisher is that a Oh Pearson. Yeah, so so they’re those
technologies are there. What they do adaptive learning based on the answers
the students give, they help guide them in tutorials at the level to help help
them overcome the misunderstanding, the deficit and understanding that they
represent in the way in which they answered the question. So, yes certainly
we can use AI and adaptive learning but with quantum computers and with AI as it
becomes even more robust we’ll be able to provide this to students on a
daily basis in our classes. Right, Adaptive learning also helps customize
the content for Gen Z. Oh yeah, okay, yes and Vicky says yes and Gen Z it helps
customize the content for Gen Z. As, I heard Vicky echoing in and that’s great.
So, at this point, I’d really like to thank Vickie and Ray and Carrie also for
your help today. Thank you so much for your time and sharing all of your
fantastic expertise. Thank you to all of our attendees both virtually and in the
live session. We will provide a recording of this webinar soon on HIP and then the
Academy for Teaching Excellence Web page. We will also provide the link to Vicki and
Ray’s presentation web site. So, the links to all of the videos both the ones that
they showed and the other ones that are in there will be available for you to
watch. But, I hope you all enjoyed this webinar. We’ve got more Tech Week events
going on all week. You can search for tech week on hip to get the full
schedule. So, Vicki and Ray thank you so much for being here today. It was
wonderful. Thank you for inviting us. Thank you.
Absolutely, and with that we will close out our webinar for today. Hope everyone
has a wonderful rest of their day. Thank you all!