Education Q&A with UNESCO’s Irina Bokova
We do believe at UNESCO and I personally am
very much committed to girls’ education and women’s empowerment. I do believe in the first
place that education is one of the best investments in order to achieve sustainability in any
development but particularly girls. Because in many parts of the world girls are a synonym
with poverty in the rural areas. Girls are the marginalized communities in the communities.
There are still a lot of stereotypes and because poverty has sometimes a women’s face. Investing
in girls’ education and we have a lot of data, a lot of research in this particular area
— improves communities standard of living, eradicates poverty, has a particularly important
and positive impact on health. We know that educated women that have passed through primary
education are caring better for their children, for their families. And also for the environment.
Investing in girls’ education is also one of the main, I would say, objectives of education
for all which is the second millennium development goal. And without achieving gender parity in primary
education and also moving to the secondary education, we cannot achieve also what nowadays
is considered one of the objectives of the international community to eradicate extreme
poverty by the year 2030. And why we speak now about girls’ education? Because still
in equalities are there. Only 58 percent of the countries have achieved gender parity
in primary education and only 38 percent gender parity in secondary education. When girls
are in school and our appeal is let’s keep girls in school. They marry late, they get
pregnant late. When they’re in school they’re much more protected, you know, if not to get
contaminated with some diseases. And they’re less also protected — I would say protected
against violence. Keeping girls in school after primary education is the best investment
in our development. Well I believe that in terms of education it’s a value in any society.
Education is, I would say also a cultural event in many societies. Although we know
that stereotypes sometimes put girls in marginalized also populations in disadvantage. We believe
that if we unite around education, religious leaders traditionally there is in many communities.
Of course having a very focused public policies and government commitments and make an education
a true value for families. We will then achieve also sustainability in all our development
efforts. We don’t believe that there is juxtaposition between cultural values and educational values.
We do believe that if we put it right, if we unite around this idea of education being
one of the best investment for having healthy families, for having healthy communities,
for having also I would say a better living. Education is a better living also for these
communities and these families then we can convince also everybody and unite around achieving
this important goal of access to quality education and lifelong learning for all. I think the
strategy to get children into school on one side — and we have already done it. It is
to put education on the global political agenda. In the United Nations and we have now the
education first initiative of the secretary general, Mr. Ban Ki-moon, who is the first
one to put education with such a commitment and such a responsibility on the agenda of
the United Nations. We have to have in the post 2015 agenda on sustainable development,
we have to have a one very strong goal, sustainable goal, which is achieving free access to quality
education and lifelong learning for all. And then, of course, we have to have a very strong
commitment of governments, of the civil society, of the private sector also to reach the marginalized.
We cannot continue business as usual because if we want to eradicate extreme poverty, if
we have to move with the agenda of sustainability, if we want to tackle the problems of climate
change, if we want also to in some cases also achieve the paradigm of development to it
I would say a developmental aspect to all the issues about economic development, to
have the three legs of sustainable development, the economic, the social and the environmental.
We cannot do that separately from education. So I believe if we integrate education in
these strategies of sustainable development then we will be successful. I think the teaching and learning is shifting.
Nowadays we speak not just about education. We’re speaking about learning. And this shift
in our thinking about learning is very much linked also to the new technologies. It’s
very much linked to a new, a very different environment that we’re living through where
there is a broad access to information through the new communication technologies which gives
a lot of opportunity also for high quality of teaching and of learning. So on one side
we have to breach the digital divide. This is the question about access to online information.
It is about broadband. We’re working there through the Broadband Commission in order
to promote broadband and connectivity in those parts of the world where still we see this
digital divide which is preventing many communities and people and young people and others from
this access. On the other side we have to admit that the new technology, the technologies
overall it’s not the name in itself. It is a means to achieving this learning. And it
is about also the content. It is about what kind of global citizens we
want to create nowadays through the process of schooling and learning. And this is about
values. This is about understanding about the others. This is about I would say what
kind of young people come out of schools. We don’t want to have out of schools some
kind of robots. We want to have young people who have skills but also who are culturally
literate. Young people who understand about the others. Young people who know what is
at stake nowadays who are — with values about human rights, about human dignity, about communities
and about the others. So we call it within the global education first initiative we have
put the third main objective of this initiative, global citizenship, education for global citizenship.
And I think this is a time to speak about it. It is about education for sustainable
development. We are having a major global forum later this year in November in Nagoya
in Japan which is a forum about education for sustainable development. So the stakes
are very high nowadays with all the challenges that we have. And we want that the oldest,
I would say, global learning and education is about global citizenship and that young
people know what is at stake.