College Overview: Engineering

College Overview: Engineering

September 15, 2019 0 By Ronny Jaskolski


The College of Engineering at Ohio State is
one of the top engineering colleges in the nation. It houses fourteen majors in a wide
range of engineering fields, twelve of which are ABET-accredited and meet the educational
requirement for licensure as a professional engineer. OSU Engineering graduates go on
to be key contributors to society through the technological, professional, and interpersonal
skills they develop in the program, with an average starting salary just shy of $60,000
for the college as a whole. The Engineering curriculum emphasizes both technical mastery
and creativity, combining challenging classroom academics with hands-on collaborative projects,
co-ops and internships, and research. The Aeronautical & Astronautical Engineering
major provides students with a technical background in aerodynamics, structures, propulsion, controls,
design, and systems. Students will learn how to identify the best materials for lightweight
structures, how to create an aerodynamic shape, and how to improve the safety of control systems
in an aircraft. Graduates find work with aerospace firms, aircraft manufacturers, airlines, and
government aerospace labs. The Aviation major prepares students to become
both professional pilots and effective managers within the aviation industry. Majors can elect
to complete a professional pilot track which can lead to certification as a commercial
pilot. In addition, students study transportation, economics and logistics, flight operations,
and flight support, along with the rigorous science, math, and engineering topics appropriate
to an engineering major. Aviation majors engage in hands-on learning and training at the OSU
Airport. The OSU Airport is home to 230 aircraft, oversees approximately 100,000 operations
per year, and serves as a general aviation reliever for Port Columbus International Airport.
Graduates work in a variety of settings, including airports, airlines, corporate aviation, cargo
aviation, flight support and planning, air traffic, government, regulatory bodies, and
transportation management. Biomedical Engineering is the most competitive
Engineering program, with a yearly admissions cycle that admits a fixed number of applicants.
Biomedical engineers develop devices and procedures that solve medical and health-related problems
by combining their knowledge of biology and medicine with engineering principles and practices.
Students learn about the areas of bioimaging, biotransport, biomaterials, biomechanics,
biotechnology, and molecular, cellular and tissue engineering. Graduates find employment
in the medical instruments and supplies industry, health services, government agencies, and
consulting. The Chemical Engineering major educates students
about the composition and development of chemicals used to create food, pharmaceuticals, consumer
goods, and petroleum products. Chemical Engineering differs from Chemistry in its emphasis on
the commercial application of chemical knowledge and methods. Graduates find work in government
or private laboratories and engineering firms, where they develop chemical technologies relevant
to food, clothing, shelter, energy, transportation, and communication.
The Civil Engineering major prepares students to plan, design, and build the infrastructure
and systems essential to society, such as buildings, bridges, tunnels, airports, highways,
railways, landfills, and irrigation & drainage systems. Students have an opportunity to take
technical electives in one of three areas: (1) infrastructure, (2) water resources and
environmental engineering, and (3) transportation and geodetic engineering. Graduates work in
government agencies, the construction industry, consulting, engineering sales, and private
engineering firms. The Computer Science & Engineering major provides
a technical background in both software and hardware. CSE majors develop a thorough practical
knowledge of programming. But they also learn about software design and testing, computing
and information theory, operating systems, databases, and programming languages. CSE
majors additionally focus on one or more areas of advanced technical specialization, such
as artificial intelligence, gaming, graphics, data analytics, or security. Graduates work
as software engineers, web developers, network administrators, systems analysts, and product
developers, among others. The Electrical & Computer Engineering major
has two areas of focus: electrical engineering and computer engineering. The field of electrical
engineering encompasses a broad spectrum of technical areas, including computers and digital
systems, microelectronics, photonics, materials, controls, communication systems and signal
processing, energy conversion and power distribution, antenna design and electromagnetic scattering,
and robotics in manufacturing. Electrical engineers create, research, design, develop,
manufacture, and market new devices. The field of computer engineering covers a wide range
of topics including multimedia systems, robots, microprocessors, memory systems, networks,
the Internet, chip design, supercomputers and all other aspects of computer organization,
design, and programming. ECE graduates are recruited by major companies, including IBM,
Texas Instruments, Microsoft, AT&T, Intel, Hewlett Packard, Ford, and GM.
The Engineering Physics major offers the opportunity for students to combine a broad set of options
in the engineering disciplines with a strong background in physics and mathematics. This
unique combination of courses helps students prepare for careers in a variety of engineering
professions. Engineering Physics provides excellent preparation for scientific or engineering
careers directly after graduation, as well as graduate work in physics, engineering,
or math. The Environmental Engineering major prepares
students to plan, design, construct, operate, and maintain facilities meant to protect and
preserve human health, wildlife, and the environment. Environmental engineers generally work on
large-scale projects related to water supply, wastewater management, solid waste management,
air pollution control, environmental chemistry and more. Graduates work for consulting firms,
manufacturing companies, and government agencies. The Food, Agricultural and Biological Engineering
major is a joint program between the College of Engineering and the College of Food, Agricultural,
and Environmental Sciences. Ohio State’s Department of Food, Agricultural, Biological & Ecological
Engineering was ranked 10th best undergraduate biological/agricultural engineering program
by U.S. News & World Report. FABE majors choose from among four specializations: Food, Agricultural,
Biological, and Ecological engineering. Students learn to identify and solve engineering problems
related to renewable energy; environmental issues; production of safe, healthy, nutritious,
value-added food products; and other areas where natural earth systems can be engineered
to be more productive for humanity, while protecting these resources for a sustained
and secure future. Graduates work in a variety of settings including federal and state environmental
agencies, consulting firms, manufacturing, food production, and more.
The Industrial & Systems Engineering major focuses on the design, operation and management
of complex systems, providing students with a blend of technical, management, and human-centered
design skills. ISE majors specialize in Data Analytics & Optimization, Human-Systems Integration
& Design, Management Systems & Operations Research, Manufacturing, or Supply Chain Management.
Graduates of this program work in a wide variety of fields, including manufacturing, strategic
planning, production, design, technical sales, and management.
The Materials Science & Engineering major examines the performance, specification, and
manufacture of metals, ceramics, semiconductors, plastics, and composites. Graduates of this
program find employment in several industries, including aerospace, appliances, automotive,
computers, construction, oil and gas, and power generation.
The Mechanical Engineering major teaches students about the design, analysis, testing, manufacturing,
control, operation, and maintenance of mechanical systems – that is, any system that has a
moving part! Mechanical systems can vary greatly in complexity and magnitude, from the valve
in an artificial heart to a car engine to a mammoth nuclear power plant. Mechanical
Engineering majors choose a specialization from among Applied Mechanics; Automotive Engineering;
Biomechanical Systems; Design & Manufacturing; Dynamics, Vibrations, & Controls; Energy Systems;
and Nuclear Engineering. Graduates find work in research, development, design, testing
& evaluation, production & manufacturing, operation & maintenance, marketing & sales,
and administration. Finally, the Welding Engineering major focuses
on the design and process of joining materials together, such as metals, ceramics, and plastics.
Welding Engineering majors learn about material selection, manufacturing methods, tooling,
operator training, quality control, performance evaluation, sales, and service. Graduates
work in consulting, construction, production, research & development, teaching, management,
and sales. All Engineering majors are highly structured
with competitive admission. Admission criteria and competitiveness vary by major, but admitted
applicants have strong grades in first-year math, science, and engineering courses. Because
of this, if you’re considering an Engineering major, it’s very important to discuss your
interests as early as possible with an Engineering advisor. If you do not yet meet the eligibility
criteria to apply to your desired Engineering major, you might be eligible to declare Pre-Engineering
while working on the rest of your admission requirements. To declare Pre-Engineering,
you must have at least a 2.5 OSU GPA and a C- or higher Math 1151, and either Chemistry
1210, Chemistry 1250, Physics 1250, or Biology 2100. Pre-major status has no bearing on admission
to the full major, so Exploration students are just as competitive as Pre-Engineering
students when applying to any Engineering major. To find out more about Engineering
majors or declare the pre-major, meet with an Engineering advisor. Contact information
is available at advising.engineering.osu.edu. As always, you are welcome to meet with any
advisor in University Exploration if you have follow-up questions. You can schedule an appointment
by calling 614-292-0646 or stopping by our office in 352 Denney Hall.